The project selects the CLP Core Beneficiary Households (CPHHs) and form Social Development Groups (SDGs) with them. Regular weekly meetings are conducted with all SDGs for a period of 18 months. These meetings are the main focus of the training activities that CLP carries out. Subjects such as water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health & family planning, nutrition and disaster preparedness are covered, among others. SD forms Village Development Committee (VDC) in almost all villages and develops it as a self-sustaining organization for the greater interest of the whole community.
Couples’ orientation is another important feature of SD works with all CPHHs and and their husbands. The couples are trained on gender sensitivity and equality. Here they take lessons on responsible behaviour, equity, cooperation and other day-to-day good family practices.
Hygiene Behaviour Change Interventions
Under social development, CLP carries out hygiene behaviour change interventions in all CLP villages from cohort 2.1 to 2.6 for improved WASH outcomes. For this HDU implements the activities in a coordinated way through all projects. The issues of HBCIs are discussed in weekly SD group meeting, fortnightly VSL group meeting, health and nutrition education session of health project and one-to-one counselling and courtyard meeting under nutrition project and regular follow-up and monitoring is done by all the projects.
This project aims to support extreme poor households who are marginally left out. Helping HHs unable to participate in IEP work to enable them to have access to work during the lean season (Monga period) is also a major aspect of social protection. It helps extreme poor households to withstand various kinds of Livelihoods shocks by providing emergency grants and relief works during the external environmental shocks.
Primary Health Care and Family Planning
CLP implemented the Primary Health Care and Family Planning Project in its first phase and is continuing implementing the same in the second phase too. The main objectives of PHC –FP project are to (i) address the health, hygiene and nutrition and family planning issues of CLP’s core participating households (CPHHs); and to (ii) ensure the availability of and char dwellers access to health services within the CLP working areas. To achieve these, the project conducts Fortnightly satellite health clinics where they provide primary health care and family planning services to the whole community. The clinics continue for the full 18 months of CLP’s assistance period. The CLP recruits Char Shasthya Karmis (CSKs or village health workers) who live in the community and attend to patients at all times. CSKs are women who have been educated usually up to secondary level. CLP trains the CSKs to ensure continuous flow of service. They are initially supported by the provision of funds for medicines allowing CSKs to establish sustainable businesses. Once the CLP assistance period ends, they earn income through sales of medicines.
Village Savings and Loan
Providing a “safe place to save” to core participants and equal number of non-core participants by the 2016 CLP encourages to adopt the habit of savings and loan activities through Village Savings Loan (VSL) project. VSL groups operate special community based microfinance activities which aims to give chars-dwellers a safe place to save and borrow. Each VSLGs is composed of 15-25 members which enables the participants to save money on a regular basis. They also manage the money themselves through a group management committee within the group and their community during any emergency household need or question of investment rather than going to the local money lender, MFI or the cooperatives. Through the VSL activities the char poor people create jobs & build assets in their household level and finally it contributes to eradicate poverty.
Direct Nutrition Intervention
Under its direct nutrition intervention project, CLP provides one-to-one counselling, awareness-raising and inputs distribution to the target beneficiaries, pregnant women, lactating mother and adolescent girls. Similar to CSKs, the CLP recruits Char Pushti Karmis-CPK (char nutrition worker) who conduct these counselling and awareness sessions. They also distribute micronutrients to children and iron folic tablets to pregnant mothers and adolescent girls and deworming tablets to all the family members.
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